Classification of Food Products Obtained from Plants | Class VI

Vegetables: Radish, ginger, mustard leaves, cauliflower are vegetables. They are obtained from different parts of plants.

Cereals: Rice, wheat, maize, barley—they are the staple food of world's majority of the population. We eat rice with curry or make idli and dosa out of it. From wheat we make loaves of bread, buns, cakes, cookies or chapattis.

Fruits: Banana, mango, pineapple, grapes, melons, guava—are tivarious fruits we eat. A flower matures to become a fruit.

Oil: It is obtained from seeds, like groundnut, mustard, almonds, sunflower and sesame (til). We need oil to cook our food.

Spices and herbs: A spice is a dried seed, fruit, root, bark or vegetative substance used as a food additive for giving flavour to the food. It is sometimes also used as a preservative as it prevents the growth of harmful bacteria. Mustard seeds, black pepper, coriander, cinnamon and clove are some spices commonly used in our food.
Herbs are used for medicinal purposes. Basil leaf is a common herb. It can also be used for flavouring food.

Nuts: Groundnut, cashew and almond are some nuts we eat. They are dried fruits or seeds of plants.

Beverages: Coffee and tea form a part of our daily beverages. Coffee is obtained from the seeds of coffee berries and tea is obtained from the leaves of the tea plant.

Chocolate: The kernels of cocoa beans are ground to a paste called chocolate liquor. The liquor is then hardened in moulds to make chocolates.

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