‘Save water’ campaigns are essential to make people everywhere aware of the dangers of water scarcity. A number of measures need to be taken for the better management of the world’s water resources. These include measures such as:
- Building several small reservoirs instead of few mega projects.
- Develop small catchment dams and protect wetlands.
- Soil management, micro catchment development and afforestation permits recharging of underground aquifers thus reducing the need for large dams.
- Treating and recycling municipal waste water for agricultural use.
- Preventing leakages from dams and canals.
- Preventing loss in Municipal pipes.
- Effective rain water harvesting in urban environments.
- Water conservation measures in agriculture such as using drip irrigation.
- Pricing water at its real value makes people use it more responsibly and efficiently and reduces water wasting.
- In deforested areas where land has been degraded, soil management by bunding along the hill slopes and making ‘nala’ plugs, can help retain moisture and make it possible to re-vegetate degraded areas.